Treaty Trader and Treaty Investor visas are available for nationals of certain countries that have a special commercial treaty with the United States. These visas are used for both large international corporations and small family-owned businesses. These visas are especially useful for business owners and employees who wish to remain in the United States for extended periods of time as the period of stay may be extended indefinitely. The initial period of stay is generally two years.
Treaty Trader (E-1) visas are available for nationals of qualifying countries provided:
Treaty Trader (E-2) visas are available for nationals of qualifying countries provided:
Substantial trade means an amount of trade sufficient to insure a continuous flow of international trade between the U.S. and the treaty country. There is no minimum dollar amount on the amount of qualifying trade. Trade may consist of goods or services.
Substantial investment means an investment adequate to develop and direct the business in question. There is no minimum qualifying dollar amount. A “proportionality test" is used: (i) the amount of qualifying funds invested weighed against the total cost of purchasing or creating the enterprise; (ii) the amount normally considered sufficient to ensure the investor’s financial commitment to the successful operation of the enterprise; and (iii) a magnitude of investment to support the likelihood that the investor will successfully develop and direct the enterprise.
Executive or supervisory means a position with duties that provide the employee ultimate control and responsibility for the enterprise's overall operation or a major component thereof.
Essential Skills means skills and/or aptitudes that an employee brings to a position or role that are essential to the successful or efficient operation of the treaty enterprise.
Countries with one asterisk (*) contain are eligible for only E-1 (Treaty Trader) visas.
Countries marked with two asterisks (**) are eligible for only E-2 (Treaty Investor) visas.